We also provide other large and medium-sized cities in China that are very suitable for entrepreneurship. Here are some specific introductions:
Shenzhen -- the city of youth
Shenzhen is the youngest city in China, but it is one of the cities with the highest "gold content" in China.In China's more than 200 venture capital institutions, shenzhen accounted for half of the total venture capital capital of more than 12 billion yuan.As the first special economic zone, shenzhen has greatly surpassed other cities in terms of infrastructure and market environment due to the support of national policies, and is known as the paradise of entrepreneurship in China.
1, venture capital abundant.Shenzhen is one of the most active regions of venture capital in China.In China's more than 200 venture capital institutions, shenzhen accounted for half of the total venture capital capital of more than 12 billion yuan, and venture capital sources are diversified, including state-owned assets management companies, listed companies, overseas venture capital companies, Banks, personal capital and so on.
2. Relaxed entrepreneurial atmosphere.Shenzhen is a new city of immigrants. It is highly inclusive. New ideas and ideas will not be rejected easily.This innovative culture, rich in the characteristics of The Times, provides a good atmosphere for entrepreneurs.Moreover, shenzhen has a high degree of openness and is not bound by traditional culture and regional culture. It has a strong sense of identity with outsiders, which is more conducive to the free development of entrepreneurs.
3. First-class entrepreneurial environment.As the first special economic zone in China, shenzhen enjoys many preferential policies.Government in shenzhen is known for its high efficiency and transparency, and its citizens are also among the best in terms of education and income. Its proximity to Hong Kong and its diverse cultural atmosphere make shenzhen a development "treasure" among young people.
High and new technology industry: as the most active city domestic venture capital, and there are a lot of preferential policies to support, make the shenzhen high-tech industry developing rapidly, especially in electronic information, biological engineering, new materials, optic-mechanical integration, gather the huawei, zte, lenovo, skyworth, TCL, kingdee, etc of a batch of domestic private high-tech enterprises.
Garment industry: after more than 20 years of development, garment industry has become one of the competitive industries in shenzhen.Especially the garment processing industry, relying on shenzhen's unique location advantage, labor intensive advantage and export advantage, has a large space for development.
Logistics and business services: the world's largest logistics real estate developer -- pross trust company of the United States invested more than 1 billion yuan to establish an international logistics park in shenzhen, as well as the launch of a number of major projects such as the international convention and exhibition center and the east gold coast, so that the logistics and business services in shenzhen are full of business opportunities.
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Suits the crowd: the science and technology personage, the overseas returnees personage, the university student, the business personage and so on.
Guangzhou is a city of commercial ports
Guangzhou, the central city of south China, is the leading city of regional economic development and the leading position of China's reform and opening up.Among the world's top 500 enterprises, 58 have invested and set up factories in guangzhou, forming a number of world-leading industrial projects.The number of private enterprises in guangzhou ranks the third in the country for many years.
1. Superior geographical location.Guangzhou is the southern gate of China, with Hong Kong, Macao, shenzhen and other economically developed cities as nei***ors. Its superior geographical location has made guangzhou the most prosperous commercial port in the south and one of the three major financial centers in China, and gradually developed into the political, economic, scientific, educational and cultural center in the south of China.
2. Entrepreneurship has a long history.With a history of more than 2000 years as a commercial port, guangzhou has a good foundation for the development of its private economy.In clothing, manufacturing, catering, trade and other fields, almost is the world of private enterprises.Moreover, more industries are opening up to private capital, and there is more space for entrepreneurs to develop.
3. Government policy support.As the forefront of China's reform and opening up, guangzhou benefits from the central and local policies that no other city can match.Since the beginning of last year, when the guangdong provincial government launched 12 supporting documents to support the development of private enterprises, and guangzhou city introduced the "ten relaxed" policies for private enterprises, and then established a diversified system of investment, financing and guarantee, the environment for the development of private enterprises in guangzhou has become increasingly fair and relaxed.
Catering industry: as the saying goes, "food is in guangzhou".Guangzhou people love to eat, can eat, dare to eat, is known throughout the country.Guangzhou is the birthplace of cantonese cuisine, catering industry is particularly prosperous, restaurants are all over the city.Due to the large market demand and low entry threshold, the catering industry has become the most concentrated and active traditional field of private enterprises in guangzhou.
Garment industry: guangzhou is close to Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan, so it has the advantage of getting international fashion information first. Besides, the labor cost of guangzhou is relatively low, so it has become the main domestic garment industry base.
Flower industry: known as the "capital of flowers", guangzhou will hold a huge international flower expo every year, and also has the largest flower expo park and horticultural products supermarket in China.According to the guangzhou municipal government's plan, guangzhou will develop into the "silicon valley" of China's flower industry.
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Suitable for people: laid-off workers, small business operators, business people, university students, laid-off workers.
Beijing -- city of culture
Beijing is the city with the most special status in China. With the deepening of reform and opening up, Beijing is becoming a hot spot for domestic and foreign investment.In zhongguancun, "China's silicon valley", an average of eight high-tech companies are born every day.Holding the Olympic Games in 2008 will make a greater breakthrough in Beijing's development.
1. Mature entrepreneurial environment.Beijing is the scientific research center of China. It ranks first in the number and density of colleges and universities and scientific research institutions in the country.The development of market economy in Beijing is quite standardized, the business operation mode is mature, and the transportation capacity and market scale are among the top in China.After several dynasties and generations of trials and tribulations, Beijing has developed a generous citizen culture.All these provide a high-quality development environment for entrepreneurs.
2. Huge brand effect.Zhongguancun is undoubtedly the biggest highlight of Beijing's economy, the "first brand" of China's high-tech industrial zone, and is vividly known as the "super incubator" of high-tech enterprises: according to statistics, zhongguancun park of more than 100 square kilometers has gathered more than 6,000 high-tech enterprises, with an average annual increase in output value of more than 30%.Therefore, zhongguancun has become the first choice for domestic and foreign scientists to start their own business.
3. Abundant business opportunities: Beijing's Olympic economy is widely favored by entrepreneurs at home and abroad.From the construction of Olympic venues, the construction of urban infrastructure, the comprehensive utilization of environmental protection and resources, the development of modern communication industry, the service industry, tourism, cultural media industry, advertising industry, all contain huge business opportunities.
New and high technology industry: Beijing's new and high technology industry development has been leading the country, a good foundation for development, coupled with rich human resources and zhongguancun's brand advantages, is quite good business field.In particular, electronic information, biological engineering and new medicine, photoelectric integration, new materials and other emerging high-tech industries.
Cultural industry: Beijing is the most prosperous city of Chinese culture and an important media industry base in China. It has incomparable market advantages, experience advantages and professional talents advantages in the field of culture and media.In addition, the current media industry structure in Beijing, the share of network media is relatively weak, therefore, there is a large space for development.
Tourism and catering industry: Beijing is a world-famous tourist resort with numerous scenic spots and colorful folk cultures. It is full of business opportunities in foreign reception, tourism service, hotel industry and catering industry.Especially in the catering industry, it is predicted that with the continuous growth of Beijing's economy and the approaching of the 2008 Olympic Games, the market size is expected to reach 30 billion.
Recommended by this newspaper: ★★★★
Suits the crowd: the science and technology personage, the overseas returnees personage, the cultural personage, the university student and the laid-off unemployed personage and so on.
Chengdu -- the city of tianfu
Chengdu is one of the famous historical cities in China. It has long been known as the "land of abundance" with a long culture and a prosperous market.Now, a new era has given chengdu a new charm: the political, economic and cultural center of sichuan province;The most concentrated area of foreign investment in western China;It is the most concentrated area of high-tech enterprises in sichuan province.
"Western development" strategy
The western region is vast in area and rich in resources, accounting for 57% of the country's land area and 82.3% of its water and energy storage. The reserves of more than 30 kinds of minerals such as titanium, copper, mercury, lead and zinc all rank first in China. All these are unique development advantages of the western region.At present, however, the average investment in mineral exploration per square kilometer in northwest China is less than one fifth of that in the east.To this end, the central proposed the "western development" strategy, with a variety of ownership enterprises market admittance threshold, simplify examination and approval procedures for investment projects, improve the soft environment for investment, etc., for entrepreneurial policy laid a good foundation in west "west triangle" economic circle of the three gorges project to build, make the "west triangle" economic circle to the surface.The three gorges project, the world's largest hydropower project, will make the western triangle a world-class generator and increase the annual transport capacity of the Yangtze river by five times.At the appointed time, the great ship shuttle, the dry branch unimpeded, the river sea direct, up from sichuan yibin, down to Shanghai wusong mouth 3000 kilometers of the Yangtze river main stream route, will become a veritable "golden waterway".In addition, the three gorges project will receive 13 million domestic and foreign tourists each year and generate 20 billion yuan in tourism revenue, according to estimates by relevant departments.The charm of the old three gorges and the attraction of the new three gorges make the tourism in the central and western regions face unprecedented opportunities.
1. Attaching importance to scientific and technological entrepreneurship.Chengdu is the most concentrated area of high-tech enterprises in sichuan province, forming an industrial system led by electronic information technology and biomedical engineering industry, supplemented by high-tech processing and manufacturing industry.Chengdu municipal government attaches great importance to scientific and technological entrepreneurship, especially in the fields of electronic communication, software, bio-pharmaceutical and chip industry, etc., and has issued a series of preferential policies to give entrepreneurs a "green light" in terms of land use and capital.
2. Good entrepreneurial environment.Chengdu, as a hub city in southwest China, enjoys convenient transportation, developed business, mild climate and complete supporting facilities. The world famous financial institutions such as standard chartered bank of the United Kingdom and bank of tokyo-mitsubishi of Japan have set up representative offices in chengdu.These advantages are incomparable to most western cities.
3. A place full of talents.Chengdu is a talent highland in southwest China, with an average of 614 talents per 10,000 people, much higher than the national average of 482.Chengdu is particularly rich in skilled personnel resources. According to statistics, the total number of skilled personnel reached 500,000 at the end of 2003, which provided a strong talent support for chengdu's modern manufacturing industry.
High-tech industry: electronic information, biological medicine, new materials, optomechatronics are the pillar industries of chengdu, and the government has a lot of policies to support these industries.In addition, in recent years, a number of high-tech enterprises with strong technical innovation and good growth potential have emerged in chengdu, such as diao pharmaceutical, guoteng communications, top, huiyuan, etc., forming a good industrial development trend.
Modern urban agriculture: chengdu's leisure and sightseeing agriculture, ecological agriculture and other fields have a good development momentum, and the sichuan basin is rich in resources, mild climate, fertile soil, modern urban agriculture is a very valuable investment point.
Leisure and tourism: chengdu is adjacent to qingcheng mountain, mount emei, jiuzhaigou and other tourist attractions, and chengdu people know how to enjoy life is a national famous, therefore, chengdu leisure, tourism, service, catering and other fields, there is a broad consumer group, the market development space is large.
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Suits the crowd: the science and technology personage, the overseas returnees personage, the university student, the small cost entrepreneur and so on.
Hangzhou -- the city of heaven
As the saying goes, "up there is heaven, down there are suzhou and hangzhou."Hangzhou, a famous tourist city in China, is a newly developed economic city in recent years.Today's hangzhou is not only a "paradise" for tourism and life, but also a new "paradise" for entrepreneurship.
1. Strong support from the government.In recent years, the hangzhou municipal government has put forward the slogan of "entrepreneurship in hangzhou", launched a series of preferential policies for entrepreneurship, actively improved the entrepreneurial environment, and created a strong atmosphere of "single-minded efforts to create a great cause and make a concerted effort to create an industry". Even the recently opened west China international trade fair also took "life and entrepreneurship" as the theme.
2. Low start-up costs.Hangzhou's entrepreneurship, living environment is first-class, but the cost of entrepreneurship is relatively low.For example, a four-star hotel with more than 400 rooms in Shanghai cannot be built without an investment of 600 million yuan, while in hangzhou, only 300 million yuan is enough.
Leisure service industry: hangzhou is a tourist attraction, receiving more than 20 million tourists from home and abroad every year.Shuttling back and forth the stream of people, so that big to wine shop, restaurant, small to tea shop, coffee house, chess and card room, are rich in business opportunities.As long as the shop enough romance, not worry about the market
Handwork manufacturing: hangzhou's silk, ceramics, pen making and other handicraft products have a good reputation and a solid market foundation at home and abroad, which is quite a good entrepreneurial field.
Retail industry: the development of retail industry in hangzhou is amazing, which has been in the leading position in the country.The improvement of residents' consumption ability and the flow of tourists will provide a broader space for the retail industry in hangzhou.
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Suitable for people: business people, craftsmen, cultural personages, etc.
Tianjin -- pearl city
Tianjin has long been known as the "pearl of the bohai sea".With many "backgrounds" such as one of China's four municipalities directly under the central government, one of the 14 open coastal cities and the 15th largest city in the world, tianjin has become the largest economic and commercial center in north China and the largest shipping center in north China, and is increasingly showing its demeanor as a modern international port city.
Superior regional environment.Tianjin is an important transportation hub in China. It has the second largest port in mainland China and the largest air cargo center. It is navigable to more than 300 ports in more than 170 countries and regions in the world.It is an important railway hub in north China, connecting the six major railway lines in China.Tianjin is backed by the "big tree" of Beijing. With the gradual launch of the beijing-tianjin expressway and the beijing-jintang light rail, resources can be Shared between the two places.
2. Tianjin has given full support to the development of the self-employed and private economy by issuing the opinions on actively promoting the establishment of venture capital mechanism in tianjin and the interim provisions of tianjin on promoting the development of the venture capital and investment industry, etc., and has given a number of preferential policies in financing, taxation, talent and other aspects.
Logistics and port trade: tianjin has unique geographical advantages, logistics and port trade has a strong development strength.Tianjin has become the largest logistics base in the north, with more than 2,000 logistics enterprises and trading enterprises, and has trade contacts with more than 100 countries and regions.
Biomedicine: as one of the priority industries in tianjin, the biomedicine industry has received great support from the government in terms of land, energy subsidies, taxation and financial support.The modern Chinese medicine industrial park and hualida biological park under construction are planned and managed according to international standards to provide professionals with a high-quality entrepreneurial environment.
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Suits the crowd: the science and technology personage, the overseas returnees personage, the business personage, the university student, the laid-off unemployed personage.
Dalian -- a seaside city
Dalian has the dual status of "gateway to Beijing and tianjin" and "window to the northeast". It has prominent geographical advantages and the most excellent port in China.
Among the 14 open coastal cities, dalian is second only to Shanghai in its concentration of high-level talents.
Dalian ranked third on the latest Forbes list of the best cities to do business in mainland China.
Economist wen yuankai is more optimistic that dalian is the most valuable city in China for investment and residence.
1. High degree of openness.
Dalian is the city with the highest degree of openness and the most concentrated open economy in northeast China. It is the first choice for foreign investment, and has become the window and leader of northeast China's opening to the outside world.
At present, dalian has initially formed an export-oriented economic pattern in line with the international economy, and is an ideal investment area.
2. Solid industrial foundation.
Dalian's industrialization started early, the equipment, the technical foundation is strong, the industrial worker quality is high, especially ships, locomotives, heavy machinery, CNC machine tools and other equipment manufacturing industry advantage is most obvious.
Manufacturing industry: dalian's shipbuilding and equipment manufacturing industries are strategic industries supported by the state, and the government has given a lot of policy support.
The rise of key industrial parks such as mold park, ship supporting industrial park and auto parts industrial park, as well as the entry of famous multinational enterprises such as Volkswagen, BMW and hino, have injected new vitality into the development of dalian's manufacturing industry.
Aquaculture and processing industry: dalian is China's key fishing area and aquatic products distribution center.
In order to speed up the upgrading of aquatic product processing industry, dalian municipal government gives appropriate subsidies to processing projects with good market prospects, high scientific and technological content and strong driving capacity.
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Suitable for people: business people, returnees, designers, have a certain economic strength.
Wenzhou -- the city of mercantilism
Wenzhou has been a place of business since ancient times.
Since the reform and opening up, wenzhou people are more "thousands of troops run enterprises, thousands of households engaged in production, thousands of mountains and rivers to find the city tide surging passion, from the home workshop industry, step by step to develop into the forefront of China's private economy.
1. Strong entrepreneurial atmosphere.
Wenzhou's mercantilist wind has a long history, wenzhou people have a strong desire to get rich and hard work, dare to enter the world spirit.
Wenzhou has a strong sense of innovation, a mature business culture, a national reputation and a strong entrepreneurial atmosphere.
2. Improved market mechanism.
The perfect and flexible market mechanism is the driving force of wenzhou's economy, and can also provide entrepreneurs with a standardized entrepreneurial environment.
The first local administrative regulations on private enterprises and the first local administrative regulations on joint-stock cooperative economy all came from wenzhou.
After 20 years of cultivation, wenzhou has formed a relatively complete market system, including consumer market, capital market and labor market.
3. Solid foundation of entrepreneurship.
Regional block economy is "wenzhou one unique", that is, with the production mode of "one village, one product" and "one village, one industry", industrial clusters are formed through highly socialized division of labor and specialized cooperation.
If entrepreneurs want to enter these fields, they have a ready-made industrial chain and supporting channels and a solid foundation for entrepreneurship.
Clothing, shoes and hat industry: wenzhou is known as "the capital of shoes in China", with an annual output value of more than 30 billion yuan.
Meanwhile, wenzhou is also a famous clothing city in China, with an annual output value of 23 billion yuan.
These two industries in wenzhou not only have a mature market brand in the country, but also have a complete market supporting system, entrepreneurs easier to get started.
Manufacturing of small commodities: lighters, glasses, lamps and *******s, buttons, etc., although they are insignificant small commodities, the market demand is large, and the entrepreneurial capital and technical requirements are relatively low.
Wenzhou is relying on one small commodity after another to make the market. For example, wenzhou liu town has become the largest base of low-voltage electrical appliances in China, accounting for about one-third of the country's production and sales.
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Suitable for people: business people, laid-off workers, entrepreneurs, etc.
Xiamen -- a city of scenery
Xiamen is an important central city along the southeast coast, and one of the five special economic zones in China, with a developed economy, beautiful environment and pleasant climate.
According to the development plan of xiamen municipal government, xiamen will be basically built into an eco-port scenic tourism city by 2010, which will become another hot land for investment and entrepreneurship in the southeast coast of China.
The hardware environment is first-class.
Xiamen has been rated as "the most livable city in China" for many times, and has been listed in "China's top 50 cities with comprehensive strength" and "40 excellent cities with investment hard environment". In addition, xiamen also has many honors such as "national garden city", "national environmental protection model city" and "China's excellent tourist city".
2. Preferential policies for starting businesses.
The xiamen municipal government has issued a series of preferential policies to support the development of private economy, providing a stage for entrepreneurs to come to xiamen for development by lowering the threshold of private capital, breaking industry monopoly, adhering to the principle of "who invests, who benefits", implementing non-discriminatory policies, and setting up special funds for the development of small and medium-sized enterprises.
Modern logistics industry: xiamen is an important hub port connecting Shanghai and Hong Kong, with three transportation advantages of sea, land and air. Therefore, logistics industry is positioned as one of the pillar industries of xiamen.
It is expected that by 2010, xiamen will be built into a shipping and logistics center to undertake the economic links between Taiwan and the west bank of the straits economic zone.
2. Electronic information industry: xiamen has more than 200 electronic industry enterprises, including xiamen, xiamen, dell, panasonic and a number of well-known enterprises at home and abroad.
According to the plan, xiamen will focus on supporting the development of three areas in the future, which are computer and network products, communication and information products, digital technology products and home intelligent center products.
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Suits the crowd: the business personage, the science and technology personage, the overseas Chinese personage and so on.